You may have bought a new subwoofer and know zilch about the available enclosure options. You could have researched and known about sealed, ported or bandpass subwoofer enclosures. Read on to find out the efficiency and the effects of the three of them.
Out of the three enclosure subwoofers, the sealed enclosure is the smallest. Sports cars or small cars can be suited with this type of enclosure. There are advantages and disadvantages as well. You will still be left with space when you install these sealed subwoofer enclosures as they do not consume much space. The boom effect on sealed enclosures is not good however the bass is accurate. Since the sealed enclosure is airtight, that is the reason there is no boom effect as no air escapes the box interior. You need a powerful amplifier and a subwoofer to bypass this restriction. Sealed enclosure subwoofer does not work well with people handling high wattage.
Since the ported or vented enclosure is large it needs more space. If space is not an issue for you, then this is your solution. The ported design is determined by the vent to enable air to move freely. Sound moves from the interior to the rear and finally exterior. It has a boom effect, but the bass response is not very accurate. Vented enclosures do not require much power from the system because the airtight box enables the subwoofer to move freely, so you hear every sound produced.
Bandpass enclosure is the largest. It has a two-port design and two main chambers. In the first chamber, the subwoofer is placed, and the other one is supposed to resonate. Its boom effect is good quality, but its bass is also not accurate. Much of your trunk space will be used up by the bandpass enclosure. Unlike the sealed enclosure, the bandpass enclosures do not use up much power. Make sure the bandpass enclosure is properly installed because if there are any loose fits, they will be heard rattling on the bandpass setup.
Do not buy cheap plywood or anything else instead make sure you buy high-quality MDF when making your selection for your subwoofer box. In doing so your enclosure boxes will not rattle and will endure high temperatures. For external appearance you can get either the vinyl finish or a carpet exterior. Vinyl finish is easy to clean and carpet exterior can prevent the box from any scratches. Now you may not know how many sub woofers you want in each box. Money and space determine this.
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