Obesity is associated with various health problems including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, gallstones, and osteoarthritis. Depression, other psychosocial problems, and some medications are factors that can exacerbate obesity. The main therapy for obesity is an appropriate diet, the patient is given a clear explanation of how to diet and provides maximum support, and is advised to increase physical activity.
Quitting smoking (while still not losing weight) can be beneficial before trying a weight loss program because smoking can be more dangerous than obesity. Joining a group can help a patient a lot.
Severe obesity should be treated in a weight loss center with trained staff. Patients should receive advice on diet and lifestyle modifications and should be monitored for all changes in weight, blood pressure, and other associated conditions.
Anti-obesity drugs should only be given to individuals who have a body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg/m2 or more (BMI or Body Mass Index is a person’s weight divided by the square of their height in m2) who, after at least 3 months of following a diet, modify their behavior. and exercise, but fail to achieve reasonable weight loss. If there are risk factors (such as diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, …